A comprehensive index of political science research
that measures the causal impact voter contact methods
have on mobilization and persuasion.
CURRENTLY UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Candidate Appearances

What if we randomize the Governor’s schedule? Evidence on campaign appearance effects from a Texas field experiment
Authors: Daron R. Shaw and James G. Gimpel
Journal: Political Communication
Issue: April 2012, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 137-159

Turning out the base or appealing to the periphery? An analysis of county-level candidate appearances in the 2008 presidential campaign
Authors: Lanhee J. Chen and Andrew Reeves
Journal: American Politics Research
Issue: May 2011, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 534-556

Candidate appearances in presidential elections, 1972-2000
Authors: Scott L. Althaus, Peter F. Nardulli, and Daron R. Shaw
Journal: Political Communication
Issue: January 2002, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 49-72

The effect of TV ads and candidate appearances on statewide presidential votes, 1988-96
Authors: Daron R. Shaw
Journal: American Political Science Review
Issue: June 1999, Vol. 93, No. 2, pp. 345-361

Direct Mail

The persuasive effects of partisan campaign mailers
Authors: David Doherty and E. Scott Adler
Journal: Political Research Quarterly
Issue: September 2014, Vol. 67, No. 3, pp. 562-573

Mobilization effects using mail: Social pressure, descriptive norms, and timing
Authors: Gregg R. Murray and Richard E. Matland
Journal: Political Research Quarterly
Issue: June 2014, Vol. 67, No. 2, pp. 304-319

Social pressure and voter turnout: Evidence from a large-scale field experiment
Authors: Alan S. Gerber, Donald P. Green, and Christopher W. Larimer
Journal: American Political Science Review
Issue: February 2008, Vol. 102, No. 1, pp. 33-48

A field experiment on the effects of negative campaign mail on voter turnout in a municipal election
Authors: David Niven
Journal: Political Research Quarterly
Issue: June 2006, Vol. 59, No. 2, pp. 203-210

The effect of identity-based GOTV direct mail appeals on the turnout of Indian Americans
Authors: Neema Triveldi
Journal: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.
Issue: September 2005, Vol. 601, No. 1, pp. 115-122

Giving voice to Latino voters: A field experiment on the effectiveness of a national nonpartisan mobilization effort
Authors: Ricardo Ramírez
Journal: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.
Issue: September 2005, Vol. 601, No. 1, pp. 66-84

An experimental field study of the GOTV and persuasion effects of partisan direct mail and phone calls
Authors: Emily Arthur Cardy
Journal: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.
Issue: September 2005, Vol. 601, No. 1, pp. 28-40

Mobilizing African-American voters using direct mail and commercial phone banks: A field experiment
Authors: Donald P. Green
Journal: Political Research Quarterly
Issue: June 2004, Vol. 57, No. 2, pp. 245-255

Partisan mail and voter turnout: Results from randomized field experiments
Authors: Alan S. Gerber, Donald P. Green, Matthew Green
Journal: Electoral Studies
Issue: December 2003, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 563-579

The effects of canvassing, telephone calls, and direct mail on voter turnout: A field experiment
Authors: Alan S. Gerber and Donald P. Green
Journal: American Political Science Review
Issue: September 2000, Vol. 94, No. 3, pp. 653-663

Door-to-door

Is voting contagious? Evidence from two field experiments
Authors: David W. Nickerson
Journal: American Political Science Review
Issue: February 2008, Vol. 102, No. 1, pp. 49-57

Getting out the vote in local elections: Results from six door-to-door canvassing experiments
Authors: Donald P. Green, Alan S. Gerber, and David W. Nickerson
Journal: The Journal of Politics
Issue: November 2003, Vol. 65, No. 4, pp. 1083-1096

Getting out the Latino vote: How door-to-door canvassing influences voter turnout in rural central California
Authors: Melissa R. Michelson
Journal: Political Behavior
Issue: September 2003, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 247-263

The effects of canvassing, telephone calls, and direct mail on voter turnout: A field experiment
Authors: Alan S. Gerber and Donald P. Green
Journal: American Political Science Review
Issue: September 2000, Vol. 94, No. 3, pp. 653-663

Email

The persuasive effects of partisan campaign mailers
Authors: David Doherty and E. Scott Adler
Journal: Political Research Quarterly
Issue: September 2014, Vol. 67, No. 3, pp. 562-573

Phone calls

Get-out-the-vote phone calls: Does quality matter?
Authors: Shang E. Ha and Dean S. Karlan
Journal: American Politics Research
Issue: March 2009, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 353-369

Do phone calls increase voter turnout? An update
Authors: Alan S. Gerber and Donald P. Green
Journal: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.
Issue: September 2005, Vol. 601, No. 1, pp. 142-154

Print Media

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Issue: March 2009, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 353-369

Radio Ads

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Issue: March 2009, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 353-369

Robocalls

Interactive voice recognition communication in electoral politics: Exploratory metadata analysis
Authors: Spencer H. Kimball, Ting Levy, Henry Venturelli, Sophie Miller
Journal: American Behavioral Scientist
Issue: August 2014, Vol. 58, No. 9, pp. 1236-1245

Do robotic calls from credible sources influence voter turnout or vote choice? Evidence from a randomized field experiment
Authors: Daron R. Shaw, Donald P. Green, James G. Gimpel, and Alan S. Gerber
Journal: Journal of Political Marketing
Issue: November 2012, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 231-245

Television Ads

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Issue: March 2009, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 353-369

Text Messages

Cold text messages as mobilization tools: Implications for theories of political participation
Authors: Neil A. Malhotra, Melissa R. Michelson, Ali A. Valenzuela, and Todd Rogers
Date: March 30, 2010

Don't forget to vote: Text message reminders as a mobilization tool
Authors: Allison Dale and Aaron Straus
Journal: American Journal of Political Science
Issue: October 2009, Vol. 53, No. 4, pp. 787-804

Yard Signs

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Issue: March 2009, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 353-369